In a recent study, scientists found that a combination of physical exercise and exercise-specific diet and diet and exercise programs can improve cardiovascular health, reduce chronic disease, and lower risk for certain cancers.
The study, published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, examined more than 100,000 adults between the ages of 18 and 75 who participated in a national health-related research program and were followed for three years.
The researchers found that participants who participated primarily in physical activity or participated in exercise-related diet and/or exercise programs in the early stages of their study had significantly lower rates of chronic disease and all-cause mortality than those who did not participate in such programs.
In addition, those who followed a moderate-to-high-intensity aerobic exercise program in the first three months of the study had a lower risk of all-causes-related death compared with those who exercised in the last three months, but their all-cancer mortality rate was still higher than that of those who didn’t participate in exercise or exercise-oriented diet and or exercise programs.
These findings suggest that moderate-intensity exercise training, which includes moderate- and low-intensity resistance training, can improve health outcomes and lower cancer risks, the researchers wrote.
They also noted that a low-fat diet may be an important component of this plan, as low-calorie, high-quality fats, which contain the essential fatty acids linoleic acid and palmitoleic acids, are critical to protecting the heart and brain.
The researchers said that the study should help to identify new ways to target exercise to help people maintain a healthy lifestyle and prevent cancer.
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